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TERRORISM LONGEVITY LITERATURE AND TERRORISM PERSISTENCE IN PAKISTAN: EXPLORING THE THEORY AND REALITY DISCONNECT

TERRORISM LONGEVITY LITERATURE AND TERRORISM PERSISTENCE IN PAKISTAN: EXPLORING THE THEORY AND REALITY DISCONNECT Muhammad Feyyaz Abstract Extant terrorism studies can be characterized, among other discrepancies, by the absence of systematic study of terrorism persistence more specifically the conceptual validity of prevailing longevity arguments in explaining empirical reality. This article helps to fill the gap. […]

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WOMEN MOBILITY AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT: EMPIRICAL STUDY OF METROPOLITAN CITY OF LAHORE

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WOMEN MOBILITY AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT: EMPIRICAL STUDY OF METROPOLITAN CITY OF LAHORE Tahira Jabeen, Munazza Sunbal, Neelofer Taj Abstract This article is based on a research conducted to see the relationship of sexual harassment with mobility of females, going out daily, in Lahore Metropolitan. Forms, causes, effects and strategies (individual/mass level) to handle the problem […]

EMPATHY AS A MEDIATOR OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND AGGRESSION AMONG JUVENILE DELINQUENTS AND NON-DELINQUENTS

EMPATHY AS A MEDIATOR OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND AGGRESSION AMONG JUVENILE DELINQUENTS AND NON-DELINQUENTS Rahila Riasat, Rabia Khawar, Saba Ghayas, Ambarin Fatima, Saima Saeed Abstract The study explored the differences and inter-relationship of empathy, emotional intelligence and reactive proactive aggression among juvenile delinquents and non-delinquents. Juvenile delinquents (n = 186) from Borstal Jail, […]

FATA REFORMS IN INSTITUTIONAL INERTIA

FATA REFORMS IN INSTITUTIONAL INERTIA Fida Mohammad*, Muhammad Shafiq Khan** Abstract This paper historically contextualizes Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR) as well as analyzes its political economy. The FCR was the product of specific historical circumstances when Sika Shahi was replaced by the British East India Company operating from Punjab in 1849 and extended its rule to […]

SOCIAL IMPACT OF CORPORAL PUNISHMENT ON STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS: A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED BOYES SCHOOLS IN MULTAN DISTRICT

SOCIAL IMPACT OF CORPORAL PUNISHMENT ON STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS: A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED BOYS SCHOOLS IN MULTAN DISTRICT Safdar Hussain*, Niaz Muhammad** Abstract The study was conducted on investigating the impacts of corporal punishment on students, with major emphasis on its nature, kinds and effects on students, with special focus on grades 9th […]

LEGALITY OF ARMING PAKISTANI TRIBALS TO COMBAT MILITANTS

LEGALITY OF ARMING PAKISTANI TRIBALS TO COMBAT MILITANTS Rahman Ullah, Sohail Ahmad Abstract The Pakistan government extended an un-announced support to local elders in the Pakhtun-tribal belt to raise Lashkars/militias in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and the first lashkar was formed in Salarzai area of Bajaur agency in 2008. Pakistan has mainly adopted two approaches ‘the […]