Home > Publications > Association between effectiveness of probation system and rehabilitation of offenders in the Punjab, Pakistan

Association between effectiveness of probation system and rehabilitation of offenders in the Punjab, Pakistan

Javed Iqbal Khokhar, Saif-ur-Rehman Saif Abbasi, & Qamar Abbas Jafri

Abstract
Probation system constitutes an essential organ of criminal justice system
which reintegrates criminals into society. The study aimed to know
association between effectiveness of probation system and rehabilitation of
offenders in Punjab Province, Pakistan. Sample of 511 probationers as
respondents was selected proportionately from 10 districts of Punjab
province. Results of study showed high association between supervision of
probation officer and rehabilitation of probationers. Probation system was
noted significant for rehabilitation of probationers with satisfactory selfesteem. Thus offenders of minor offences should be given opportunity of
probation and professional training of probation officers may prove
effective in reintegrating the offenders into society.

Keywords: probation, offence, prison, Pakistan, rehabilitation, Punjab,
effectiveness