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Corruption in Civil Servants: A Cultural Context with Specific Reference to Administrative Norms in Pakistani Society

Ayaz Khan, Niaz Muhammad & Intikhab Alam

Abstract
This is the 1st of the series of papers on corruption in bureaucracy in Pakistan.
Corruption is believed to be widespread in civil bureaucracy. The focus of the
current article is to determine the cultural contexts of corruption with specific
reference to administrative norms within Pakistani society. A total of 384
respondents were selected from four public sector organizations including
Excise and Taxation, District Police, Revenue and Estate, and Forest
departments. Data was collected through the Likert scale based questionnaire.
Statistical analysis using the Chi-square test was used to evaluate and establish
associations between the variables. At the bivariate level, statistical analysis
revealed that corruption perception was found to be significantly associated to
certain variable. Based on the comprehensive findings of this research, a
number of policy recommendations and proposals

Keywords: Corruption, Culture, Cultural Norms