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Criminology, Police Corruption and Police Reforms

Kamran Adil

Professor Tim Newburn states that „criminology is a strange beast‟. He cited with approval David Garland‟s understanding of criminology as a product of two streams of governmental project (that studies administration of justice, police, prisons and measurement of crime) and Lombrosian project (that studies characteristics of criminals and non-criminals). However, he noted that now a new stream of „scientific‟ criminology is emerging. This scientific stream of criminology puts lot of premium in empirical study of social activities. In line with this scientific paradigm, academia have started contributing knowledge on the subject by carrying out research. The tradition of academic and research based criminology is not very rich in Pakistan. Nonetheless, a recent empirical study based on qualitative research on police
corruption has provided a good point of departure for further research and discourse