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Dynamics of Gender Based Violence: Investigating the Effects of Violence in Pakistani School on School Dropout and Loss of Creativity among Students

Dr. Jamil Ahmad Chitrali, Dr. Mussarat Anwar & Dr. Syeda Nabahat

Abstract
Punishments and violence from teachers causes delinquency and deviancy among students.
This paper investigated Students’ perception of violence at school as how violence is
received by students. Two alternatives were assumed in construction of this variable:
students’ preference to leave schools and result into dropouts or they learn violence to inflict
on others at schools and loss of creativity, argumentation skills or otherwise. The third
possibility is that they sustain violence and remain in school getting immune to the threat of
violence and punishments. For data collection, a sample size of 522 respondents (54.6%
boys and 45.4% girls) was randomly selected on proportional allocation basis from Grade 10
students. Frequency and percentage distribution along with Chi-square test was carried out
at uni-variate and bi-variate levels. The findings of the study showed that almost all of the
respondents (95.59%) agreed that violence at school is the major cause of dropout from
school; only 4.41% did not perceive violence as a reason to high dropout having no
significant relation established with (p=0.346), majority of 73.47% respondents agreed that
harsh treatment of teacher is ineffective in making student to complete homework, but it
create poor performance and student lose creativity skills. 10.34% respondents disagreed to
this view and 16.28% were uncertain in this respect again, no significant relation was
established with gender (p=0.311). The study concludes that school punishment is the main
reason for school dropout, loss of creativity, delinquency and deviancy among students.

Keywords: Gender Based Violence, School Violence, Dropout and Loss of Creativity