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FATA REFORMS IN INSTITUTIONAL INERTIA

Fida Mohammad*, Muhammad Shafiq Khan**

Abstract
This paper historically contextualizes Frontier Crimes Regulations
(FCR) as well as analyzes its political economy. The FCR was the product of
specific historical circumstances when Sika Shahi was replaced by the
British East India Company operating from Punjab in 1849 and extended
its rule to the Pashtun belt. Today’s KPK (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), formerly
known as North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Federally
Administered Tribal Area (FATA) were called North-Western districts of
Punjab by the British East India Company. This study will also examine the
streghth of institutional intertia of FATA administration and its role in
preventing reforming the FCR.

Key Words: FATA, FCR, NWFP, Reforms, Corruption, East India Company,
Pakistan.