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Illiteracy and its Relation with Honour Killing in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) Of Pakistan

By: Dr. Arshad Khan Bangash1, Prof. Dr. Rashid Khan2, Prof. Dr. Fazal Ur Rahim
Marwat3

Abstract
This paper aimed to explore that how illiteracy contributes in the way honour
killing in tribal societies. A sample size of 377 respondents was randomly
selected comprising of ‘Maliks’ of the study area. To get inferences and draw
conclusion, the data was crossed tabulated and Chi-Square test statistics were
used at bi-variate and multi-variate levels. Moreover, at multi-variate level
background variable i.e. marital status of the respondents was controlled.
Research findings highlighted significant association of honour killing with
illiteracy, education brought positive changes in honour norms, less observance
of the normative order by literate women, and fear of sending female to the
educational institutions. Moreover, honour killing was non-significantly
associated with teachings of honour norms, and higher rate of killing among
illiterate than literate. All stakeholders need to be educated over the magnitude
and direction of human losses through ultra judicial killing, education regarding
social equity, harmony and integration with particular emphasis on gender
equity need to be imparted, educated chunk of population are required to
perform their positive role, and study materials about human rights in general
and women rights in particular need to be incorporated in the syllabi were
forwarded some recommendations in light of the study findings.
Key Words: Honour Killing, Jirga, Purdah, Kurram Agency, Maliks, FATA.