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Mediation Analysis of Factors Affecting the Children Welfare and
Rehabilitation in Child Protection and Welfare Bureau in Punjab, Pakistan

Ehsan Bhutta1, Tahira Jabeen2, Chaudhry Abdul Rehman3 & Muhammad Khyzer Bin Dost4

Abstract
The focus of this study is to measure the performance of Child Protection Welfare Bureau (CPWB), Punjab Pakistan and to analyze the impact of certain factors that account for its performance. CPWB is responsible to provide care, rehabilitation and education to the destitute children of the society in order to protect these children from the criminals. The data was collected from Child Protection Institutes (CPIs) established in 8 districts of Punjab (Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Multan, Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalpur, Faisalabad and
Lahore). The research design has been followed to explore the structural equation modeling of variables including Management/ Administration Operation (MAO), Facilities provided to the Child Protection Office (CPO), Implementation of Law and Regulations (ILR) and Efficiency of CPO (ECPO). The research has shown that MAO, Facilities provided (FP) to the CPO, ILR and ECPO have direct, positive and mediate relationship among each other. It is proposed to critically review their Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) on regular basis. Moreover, internal monitoring and evaluation at each CPI must be ensured. It is also suggested that facilities provided at each CPI needs to be improved and ensured. For policy maker‟s inter-departmental interaction of CPWB with Social Welfare Department and Vocational Training Centers must be ensured.

Keywords: Child Protection Welfare Bureau (CPWB), Child Protection Institutes
(CPI), Child Protection Officer (CPO), Management/ Administration Operation
(MAO), Efficiency of CPO, Implementation of Law and Regulations (ILR)