Prevention of Military Crimes in Foreign Countries: History, Realities, Perspectives
Vasyl Topchii1, Iruna Borodiу2, Dariya Vitiuk3, Tetiana Bilko4& Oleksandr Bilko5
The article examines the international experience of preventing war crimes in foreign countries. Attention is focused both on the historical aspect of the problem, as well as on modernity and prospects, taking into account the fact that the whole world in one way or another is experiencing the military aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine. Specific ways to prevent this type of crime in Ukraine are proposed, taking into account the positive experience of foreign countries. The issue of preventing war crimes is studied on the example of such countries as Germany, Great Britain, France, the USA, Israel, Japan, and
China. It is noted that in the modern world, in all states with a developed system of armed forces, the state faces the problem of military crime. It was determined that in the armed forces of Western European countries, two levels of crime prevention by servicemen are distinguished: social and situational. It was concluded that the methods of implementing the prevention of war crimes in European countries have both common and distinctive features. However, this is a useful experience for improving the system of preventing crimes committed by military personnel in Ukraine.
Keywords: international experience, military conflict, military serviceman, prevention, war crimes.