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SUICIDE IN PRISONS IN ENGLAND AND WALES: ARE THE CURRENT PREVENTION STRATEGIES WORKING?

Noor Sanauddin, Khalid Mahmood

Abstract
Suicides in prisons in England and Wales have alarmingly increased in
the recent years. This is a matter of national concern and requires
immediate actions from the relevant authority. This article is an attempt to
address the issue by reviewing official statistics and reports to find out the
trajectory of suicide cases and to find out the possible factors responsible
for increased suicides in prison. By reviewing the available statistics,
relevant researches on suicide, and the current suicide prevention
strategies, the article suggests the possible reasons for the failure of the
government in preventing suicides. The article also points out reforms in
the prison system which could help in preventing suicides in prisons.

Keywords: Suicide, prison, justice, mental disorder, England and Wales.