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The Nexus of Legal Institution with Child Trafficking From The Perspective of Experts and Policy Analysts of Peshawar

Syed Rashid Ali (PhD) & Niaz Muhammad

Abstract
This study focuses on “The nexus of legal institution with child trafficking: From the
perspective of experts and policy analysts of Peshawar”. The main objective of the study is to
analyze child trafficking with special emphasis on its legal aspects. Through this study it is
attempted to find association between legal factors and child trafficking by using statistical
techniques. For the study, data is collected from 392 respondents including 116 universities
teachers, 103 journalists and 173 legal practitioners through a questionnaire. Statistical
analysis is made through chi square and gamma tests to see the association between
independent and dependent variable. The theory “Routine Activities” expounded by Cohen
and Felson (1979) is utilized in the compilation of study design. It is observed that the law
enforcement agencies are not performing their due role, and their lethargic attitude enhances
the risk of trafficking. State law is perceived unimpressive and that is why victims’ families
do not look for any legal aid. It is also revealed that the menace can be decreased through
increasing the risk of execution for the perpetrators. In nutshell, the study suggests for new
legislation, conceptual and jurisdictional clarity of law enforcement agencies, their training,
and policy of zero tolerance for corruption.

Keywords: Child Trafficking, Legal Institution, Association, Experts and Policy Analysts, Peshawar.