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The Role of Forensic Medicine in the Criminal Investigation

Noor Issa Alhendi1 & Muamar Hassan Salameh2

Abstract
This study deals with the role of forensic medicine in the criminal investigation of crimes affecting human rights through a statement of the concept of forensic medicine, explanation of the fields of forensic medicine and the role of forensic medicine in crimes and the relationship of forensic medicine to justice, and a statement of the legal framework for the work of the forensic doctor, and his role in the search for crimes / and an explanation of his role in sexual crimes, establishing evidence and preliminary investigation. So, the obligation to investigate serious human rights violations is enshrined in legislation. The use of forensic experts also plays a role in identifying victims of serious human rights violations. It is a reliable tool. The use of forensic experts occupies a high place in conducting the investigation, as it is important and necessary in the investigations. Forensic medicine is “the science that represents the relationship between medicine and law, and this relationship is based on what the law needs from medicine and what medicine needs from the law. The forensic doctor intervenes in
a social context by studying the relationship between medical facts and the texts of
the labor or social security law.

Keywords: Forensic Medicine, Pathologist, Justice, and Judiciary.