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Counterterrorism in Indonesia: The Police Role in Ensuring Security



In response to the mounting threat of terrorism in Indonesia, especially evident through alarming bombing incidents since 2002, the Indonesian National Police assumes a pivotal and multifaceted role. This research, employing a sociolegal research approach with a qualitative design, intricately explores the dynamics of terrorism, scrutinising legal frameworks, preventive strategies, and law enforcement tactics. The Police’s role in counterterrorism unfolds through a comprehensive framework encompassing preventive, preemptive, repressive, and curative measures. The analytical-descriptive methodology provides detailed insights into the social and legal aspects, underlining the significance of understanding and
adapting to the evolving threat landscape. Preventive efforts involve proactive community engagement, public education on terrorism risks, and awareness promotion. Simultaneously, preemptive measures focus on community development, intelligence operations, and community policing, addressing potential threats before escalation. Repressive actions post-crime involve the Criminal Investigation Unit leading investigations, apprehensions, and legal proceedings, ensuring legal consequences for perpetrators and contributing to deterrence and justice. Curative measures, framed as rehabilitation, involve closely monitoring individuals suspected of terrorist activities, even without concrete evidence, adding a layer of prevention to
uphold national security.

Keywords: Police role, Counterterrorism, Preventive Measures, Curative efforts, Indonesian National Police.