Illegal Trade in Human Organs: Ways to Overcome and the Importance of Artificial Intelligence in Solving this Problem
Andrejs Vilks1 & Jānis Grasis2
The relevance of this subject determines the confusing and hidden nature of the global problem of illegal commercial trade in anatomical materials, which remains out of the attention of the public and law enforcement agencies. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyse the social and legal factors of the existence and spread of this problem and ways to overcome it. The investigation of this problem was conducted using the following techniques: the method of theoretical analysis allowed considering the legal, ethical, and informational aspects of illegal trade in human organs as a kind of modern form of slavery, and the empirical
method of regulatory documentation helped to analyse international legislation on countering human exploitation and illegal transplantation. The study covers the root causes of the existence and current state of illegal trade and the legal problems of prosecution of subjects of this crime.
Keywords: Exploitation; Information Technology Tools; Black Market; Organ Transplantation; International Human Trafficking; Anatomical