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Navigating Gender Rights: An Analysis of Arabic Language and Society

Noor Issa Alhendi1, Asem Mohamed Bani Amer2 & Mohamed Kamel M. Sharkawy3

This study examines gender rights in the Arabic language, revealing the extent to which Arabic has been unjust toward women’s political and social rights through its phonetics, vocabulary, grammar, and syntax. The study aims to uncover instances where the Arabic language has been biased against women, taking a hostile stance, and it also exposes the methods employed to undermine women’s rights. This is accomplished by understanding the concept of gender, its relationship with language, and subsequently exploring political rights related to work, freedom, and social rights, represented by the right to visibility and dignity, which have been eroded in Arabic linguistic practices. The study concludes that the structure of the Arabic language is steeped in gender bias, reinforcing male dominance and constraining women in distinct ways. This constraint is evident in political rights such as freedom and work, as well as social rights like justice and freedom of expression. Consequently, the study recommends updating and developing the Arabic language to enable women to assert their equality with
men. It also suggests the introduction of binding legislation to empower women in
both language and society.

Keywords: Gender, Rights, Arabic Language, Syntax, Morphology, Vocabulary.