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System of Police in Pakistan: An Introduction

Kamran Adil

Pakistan is a federation as per its constitution. This federal nature has resulted in division of work between the federation and the provinces. As far as the criminal justice system is concerned, as the criminal law, criminal procedure and law of evidence are ‘concurrent’ subjects for legislation within the scheme of the constitution (as per articles 142 and 143), therefore, two criminal justice system streams can be discerned in the country: one is the federal criminal justice system and the other is the provincial criminal justice system. There appears to be a lot of confusion about understanding the contours of the very system that many wish to reform. It is, therefore, in order that this point be stated in so many words to ward off any misperception. The implication of concurrence of the subjects of criminal law,