Analytical Study to Find the Effects of Control and Punishment on White Collar Crimes in Punjab, Pakistan
Muhammad Atique Khan & Dr. Babak Mahmood
Consumer fraud is very fascinating to study because mostly this curse is
committed by the personnel of upper social class of any society mostly
without the use of violence. The purpose of the present study was to find the
effects of control and punishment on white collar crimes in Punjab, Pakistan.
The data was collected from 222 respondents residing in the targeted
population on the basis of convenience sampling. Sample was gathered from
potential and convicted fraudsters of three districts of Punjab, Pakistan
namely Sargodha, Lahore and Gujranwala. The study was descriptive in
nature. Structured questionnaire was used that vigilantly taking into account
all the suggestions gathered during pretesting. Hypotheses were consisted of
variables: Equality of control-consumer fraud and punishment strategies
consumer fraud. The data was analyzed by using statistical Package of Social
Sciences (SPSS) version 16. The results showed a positive association of
consumer fraud with equality of control and punishment strategies.
Keywords: social causes, consumer fraud, potential and convicted fraudsters
of Punjab, Pakistan.