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The Need for a Comparative Criminology of Policing in India and Pakistan

Fasihuddin

Abstract
This paper, originally written for presentation in the 30th All India Conference on
Criminology at Calcutta (India) and the South Asian Conference at Islamabad (Pakistan),
emphasizes the need for a comparative study of criminology and policing in the context of
India and Pakistan, which offers a vast opportunity for intellectual input by our scholars,
criminologists and practitioners. It is not an exhaustive comparison between the two
countries. However, it identifies some fundamental issues and responses, common on both
sides, from where the future researcher can take on a more vigorous academic exercise. This
will definitely and understandably add to the mutual trust and confidence building measures
between the two intrinsically similar but commonly known rival countries. This will
undoubtedly, pave the way for the redressal of their common problems, enabling them to
redress their social evils with the best practices available at next door neighborhood, and of
course, a valuable contribution to the present, though relatively scanty literature on
comparative criminology and policing.

Keywords: Pakistan, India, Criminology, Police, Policing, Crime