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Trafficking in Persons, Migrants Smuggling, Illegal Migration and Problems of Deportees in Pakistan

Imran Ahmad Sajid

Abstract
The dazzling lights and progressive economy of Europe, Middle East and other developed parts of the world definitely attract poor pockets from all over the world. Some try the legal way to reach and stay there. Others may try, or are forced to try, the most dangerous, threatening and illegal way to reach to the riches of the developed world. The trafficked, smuggled or illegally immigrated are deported upon the encounter of the host nation’s authorities. This illegal way of immigration is not without hardships for many. This paper brings forward the problems being faced by the deportees. The paper is based on two case studies. Non-structured interviews were conducted with the immigration officials. The reason for going abroad remained poor economic conditions in the country of origin.

Keywords: Trafficking in Person (TIP), Migrants Smuggling, Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance (PACHTO), Passport, Deportees, Deportees on Forged Documents (DFDs), Off-Loadees on Forged Documents (OFDs), Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), Immigration, ITGOS (Iran, Turkey, Greece, Oman, Spain)